Ulcerated diabetic foot is a complex problem. Diminished blood supply (Ischaemia), Nerve changes(neuropathy) and infection are the three pathological components that lead to diabetic foot complications.
Neuropathy and ischaemia are the initiating factors, most often together as neuroischaemia, whereas infection is mostly a consequence.
Diabetes foot ulcers are the most common cause for prolonged hospitalizations
Diabetes is the most important cause of non traumatic foot amputations.