There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type.
People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 Diabetes
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk.
Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels.
This type of diabetes affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet.
Apart from these types of diabetes, there is one more ailment, which is pre-diabetes. Learn more about What is Pre-Diabetes.