What You Can Do To Prevent Diabetic Foot?

When it comes to handling Diabetic Foot, the following points need to be kept in mind –

  • Protect you feet with appropriate footwear/ Insoles, orthosis/ Protective footwear
  • Stop Smoking.
  • Keep your blood sugar within normal limits
  • When it comes to sensing feelings such as
    • Tingling, like a feeling of “ants crawling” or “pins and needles”
    • Reduced ability to sense heat and cold
    • Stabbing  or burning pain
    • Numbness
  • Keep Your Feet Dry And Clean.
    • Wash feet 3-4 times daily, using soap and lukewarm water
    • Dry feet carefully with a soft towel especially between the toes where moisture can lead to a fungal infection
    • Apply a moisturising cream to keep skin over the feet smooth and soft
    • Do not walk barefoot
  • Inspect Your Feet Daily specially the areas between the toes and the undersurface for
    • Breaks in the skin
    • Fissures/blisters/sores/cut/corn/boils
    • Ingrowing toe nail
    • Signs of Infections/Fungal infection(redness, swelling, pus discharge,pain)
    • Do not squeeze/puncture a blister,
    • Do not use corncaps
  • Take Proper care of your toenails
    • Trim and cut toenails with a nail cutter after a bath, when soft and pliable or after soaking it in warm water for 5 minutes.
    • Cut your toenails straight across the top and not too far back on the sides
    • Do not use a sharp instrument to clean under the nail, or in the grooves
    • If your toe nails are too thick to cut or if you have ingrown toe nails, consult your doctor.
  • Respect Your Feet And Get Proper Footwear
    • Always shop for shoes in the evening when the feet are the largest
    • Shoes should not be too tight or too loose
    • Check the size of the shoes wearing the thickest socks
    • Choose cotton socks which absorbs sweat. Socks should be free of wrinkles  and  should not be tight
    • Select shoes which allows your feet to breathe(leathershoes,sports shoes
    • If you have corns, use soft footwear
  • Consult your doctor immediately if you have
    • Fissures/blisters/sores/cut/corn/boils
    • Pain,redness,pus discharge, swelling in your feet

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